Who—whose—whom or marry—marries— married are examples of words in English with variant forms. In German, the form of many words can change greatly. This word list gives the standard form of each German word. As you read German records, you will need to be aware that some words vary with usage. The endings of words in a document may differ from those on this list. For example, the document may use the word junger, but you will find it in this word list as jung.
In addition, the suffixes -chen and -lein are often added to words to indicate "little. Adjectives describe nouns and must have the proper masculine, feminine, or neuter endings. Adjective endings can change depending on usage and gender. Plural words are usually formed by adding -er, -en, or -e. Plurality may also change the vowel slightly. In German, many words are formed by joining two or more words. Very few of these compound words are included in this list.
You will need to look up each part of the word separately. For example, Geburtstag is a combination of two words, Geburt birth and Tag day. German uses diacritics over several letters, i.
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These diacritics are not optional in German because the pronunciation and meaning of a word will be changed depending on whether the diacritic is added or omitted. For data entry and some searches, it is useful to know how to create these characters. Note: Do not use diacritics when searching in the FamilySearch Catalog. From a PC keyboard, these letters may be created by using the following keystroke combinations.
Make sure the number lock is on. German letters with diacritic marks will be alphabetized in this publication as though they were a, o, u, and ss. However, many dictionaries and gazetteers will alphabetize these characters as if they were ae, oe, ue, and ss.
gutes mädchen : German » English | PONS
Because spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries, spelling variations are common. Local dialect often affects the spelling in genealogical records. In German records, the following letters are sometimes used interchangeably:. This word list includes only words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For further help, use a German-English dictionary. These are in the European collection. The call numbers begin with To find and use specific types of German records, you will need to know some key words in German. This section gives key genealogical terms in English and the German words with the same or similar meanings.
For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find German words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, joined, and other words used in German records to indicate marriage. A more extensive list of month names in German. German birth and death records often indicated the exact time of day when the birth or death occurred. This is usually written out. If you idiot call me "idiot", ich will call you "idiot", so often "idiot" until you idiot no longer can say "idiot" to me.
Family dispute among slivovits slurping, top, twistung and perspirating twittering sisters. The child that cried so loud, sat on a hot stove plate. Max is waxing wax masks. What is Max waxing? Wax masks, Max is waxing. In the center of the gras, a cadett is kneeing in a coffin. Uncle Fritz is fishing for fresh fish Klaus Knopf loves dumplings, another word for dumplings, meatballs.
This is the key to the garden, for which the three maidens are waiting. The first is called Binka, the second is called Bibeljabinka, the third is called Cezizizaknabbeljababbeljabibbeljabinka. Hmmm, saif Mrs. Binka to Mrs. Bibeljabinka, what nice lace does Mrs. Cezizizaknabbeljababbeljabilleljabinka have on her skirt. They didn't have to change cars, so she silently gave herself to him.
But beacause the points were switched the wrong way they rode back in a hearse. Those who report to the police those who let the thieves escape will receive a reward! One rooster, two chicken, three ducks, four geese, five pigs, six cows, seven oxen, eight nuns, nine knobby, hunchbacked beggar women are spending the night with ten Costantinoplean bagpipe-maker assistants. Center-pass kicker Flick kicks fast center-passes. She was the doughiest dough shell of all doughy dough shells of the shell pond. If you give opium to Grandpa, opium will kill Grandpa. Little children cannot crack cherry stones.
The wannton fish-sinner Franz was impudently catching fat five-finger fish before the river-fall. Smoked salmon with leek rice. The ladies in Baden-Baden a town in Germany bathe frequently. They wash the Baden-Baden Gentlemen with them. Thrilling: foolish Spanish peeking-toms are stretching thrilling Spanish Fools. Snails are shocked when they lick other snails because for many snails it is shocking that for some snails snails are not tasty.
He is eating an apple, she an orange. Twelve muttering speakers say "you" to twelve muttering speakers, which always say "you". The woodpecker, sparrow, stork and sparrowhawk jumped post-haste with a screech down the steep path. Brackish-water fishermen are called brackish-water fishermen because brackish-water fishermen fish in brackish-water fish in brackish-water. At the hairdresser: "Hello, Carl.
Weber emptied, destroyed her liver measurements. A well-roasted goose eaten with a golden fork is a good gift from God. The sparrow walks early and late among spinach. A very hard-to-say-fast saying is a saying to be said fast, a only hard-to-say-fast saying is called a saying to be said fast. In all traps of St. Gudrun's turkey is resting well.
Well resting is Gudrun's turkey. John is splitting hard wood behind the high house. Two men that load shop blinds in front of a chocolate shop blind, invite shop-blind girls to dinner. Conversation in a store: Good morning! Do you have plaster? We'll have Plaster tomorrow. You have got to chew your bread well, so that you excrements get really brown. New think you have thought, because thinking thoughts is thoughless thinking. Wenn you think you think then you only think you think, but think you never do.
Russian Russian are sliding down Russian slides the Russian way. A boxer of the champions league. Boxed himself into a mess of goo. And from the piled up mess of goo proudly rose the champion of the league! The cat ate the porc-belly, now it can't say meow! The lifesaver is not digusted by anything, he bites into the maggot Pug-dachshund-greyhound-poodle a nonsense dog If your dachshund calls my dachshund a dachhund again, your dachshund will be slapped so hard by my dachshund that he will not be able to say "dachshund" anymore.
The frog-researching frog researcher is studying frog-reasearching frog research. The suitcase in the sleeping waggon lay heavy on his tail. Narrow-gauge railway tracks are narrower than wide-gauge railway tracks. I saw a pearl cushion in the window. If crickets grill crickets for crickets then crickets grill crickets for crickets!
Today Hans will be coming home. Lisa is happy. Whether he comes by way of Oberammergau, Or whether he comes by way of Unterammergau, Or whether he comes at all, Is not certain. On seven seal-cliffs seven clans of seals are sitting, which are nudging each other in the ribs until they tip over the cliffs.
Czech Gucci handbags Ten goats pull ten hundred-weights of cement to the dentist to cement broken teeth. What a badly entitled bequest spawns from weak memory. How fortunate that God cast the bells. The whiskey mixer mixes whiskey with the whiskey mixer. With the whiskey mixer the whiskey mixer mixes whiskey. This is a log, a spliced log, A well-spliced spliced log.
And this well-spliced spliced log belongs to Mrs. Sticking in my pot set is potato fritter fat! Those that will catch those that have stolen the geese will be rewarded. I'm standing in the rain and waiting for you. I'm waiting in the rain an like you. Max if you like wax masks then make wax masks! The airport sparrow landed on the airport. On the airport the airport sparrow landed. Itty-bitty cats vomit itty-bitty vomit. Itty-bitty vomit is vomited by itty-bitty cats. Daughter of the manufacturer of Constantinoplan bag-pipe pipes In thick spruce thicket thick spruces are diligently nodding.
Between two sharp rocks two hissing hiss-snakes where sitting and hissing. Between "or" and "and" and "and" and "and" and "and" and "or" there is always a space. This is a log. A finely spliced log sent by Miss Meissner from Neisse and she lets say quite finely, that her husband is a busy log-splicer, who at night - before eating or biting anything - would have spliced a lot of logs. The brushes with the black bristles brush better than the brushes with the white bristles. The cats are scratching in the litterbox. In the litterbox the cats are scraching.
Seldom I eat vinegar; when I eat vinegar, I eat vinegar with salad. When after Greeks creep Greeks, Greeks creep after Greeks. When rumballs roll around rumballs, rumballs roll around rumballs. Four multiplied by four five times is more than five multiplied by five four times.
Ten goats pulled ten hundredweight to the zoo. Twenty dwarfs were demonstrating handstands, ten in the closet, ten on the sandy beach. In the whole round there was nothing but round dogs. Seven snowshovelers shovel seven shovels full of snow. With no bran and no germ, no small grain can germinate. With no bran and no germ, the small child can barely chew grain. Small violet flannel rags On the love-trip the giant of body said "rub it Lisa" and she rubbed it silently.
Six Saxonian drinkers pay ten Czech bar bills. Here you have a log - a well-spliced spliced log from Mrs. He hasn't eaten a bite yet, but already spliced and split a whole heap of logs. Wife of deputy of the captain of the Danube steamboat company Two slimy snakes slink between two rocks and hiss. At the postoffice things are packed and sorted. An ironing board remains an ironing board. When the Mercedes- Benz brakes the Benz brake lights light up. Behind a spruce thicket finks are diligently picking. The night watchman is tooting. And when he has tooted enough, he puts his tooter back into the tooter-box.
She placed the Czech matchbox on the table. Critical toads don't chew any concrete croquettes. The cat steps on the stairs until they are bent. Our caretaker's name is Mouse. Most of the time he lives in the cellar. A black man with a gazelle never hesitates in the rain. Who knows nothing and knows that he knows nothing knows more than who knows nothing and doesn't know he knows nothing. Mariechen says to Mariechen, let me smell Mariechen, so Mariechen let Mariechen smell. When seals crawl behind seals, seals crawl after seals. The rattlesnakes rattled until their rattles sounded listless.
The stupid Doffels The fat stupid Doffel carried the thin stupid Doffel through the deep thick village dirt. Whereupon the thin stupid Doffel thanked the fat stupid Doffel that the fat stupid Doffel carried the thin stupid Doffel through the deep thick village dirt. The wax mask maker makes wax masks out of wax mask wax. Who is minimally immune to aluminum has aluminum minimal immunity. Who has aluminum minimal immunity is minimaly immune to aluminum. Who uses "use" without "to" need not use use at all. Allergic Algerians, Algerian allergic people.
The mail is loaded with parcels. Fat nieces are composing poetry in thick spruce thicket, This night, he said, said Hans, said Mary: If he is coming by the way of Oberammergau, or else by the way of Unterammergau, or else not at all, you never know. The Swiss welder is sweating and welding. The Swiss sweater is welding and swaeting. Sweating, the Swiss welder is welding. The tourist is happy when he is on a tour and is constantly eating.
The Cottbus mail coach driver is cleaning the mail box of the Cottbus mail coach with Cottbus mail coach box paste. The lieutenant of Leuthen ordered his people not to ring before the lieutenant of Leuthen ordered his people to ring. The chaplain is pastin cardboard posters. Two swallows are twittering between two plum branches, I wish you as many good days in the year as the fox has hair on the brush tail.
In Ulm and around Ulm and roundabout Ulm. Few know how much one must know to know how little one knows. Wax mask, change of measurement We Vienese washerwomen want to wash white laundry, if we knew where warm water is. Warm watter we know, white laundry we wash. In a chocolate store store girls are unloading chocolate. When suffering my only confort was love. My Husband is called Deer. The shining of the moon already seemed nice. Red cabbage stays red cabbage, loaf of bread stays loaf of bread, wedding dress stays wedding dress.
Tailor's scissors cut sharp. Sharp cut tailor's scissors. Never think you think, because when you think you think you don't think, you only think you think, because the thinking of thoughts is thoughless thinking. Bismarck bit Marc until Marc bit Bismarck! When flies fly behind flies flies are flying after flies. Under a spruce root I heard a gnome farting. Ten tame goats pulled ten hundredweights of sugar to the train of Zittau. A fat lady wanted to get through the thick dirt. Whereupon the fat lady asked the fat servant if the fat servant would carry the fat lady through the thick dirt.
Then then fat servant carried the fat lady through the thick dirt, whereupon the fat lady thanked the fat servant for carrying the fat lady through the thick dirt. Unfortunately he sang lots of loud songs to the lute. Why are you looking so stubborn boy, were you in the beer bar? Donkeys don't eat nettles. Nettles don't eat donkeys! The Spanish adore exciting games. Because godfathers asked for the roast, we roasted turkey for the godfathers. Could offer turkey-roast to the godfathers, because we had roasted turkey - like the godfathers had requested.
Who digs a pit for other, has a pit-digging device. How much spawn would such an amphibian easily spawn, if an amphibian would spawn spawn. Do you know that the "the" is the most used word in the sentence? New pond fish for the native fishpond. Rowboat, bread with butter, Freshly laquered burnished painted box. Fear of fruit flesh leads to flight from fruit flesh.
Stanislaus dislikes the sausage in the borscht. The sturgeon in the borscht doesn't matter to Stanislaus. Freshly picked fruit the fruit picker picks fresh. The fruit picker picks freshly picked fruit. Who grills a grilled sausage for others, has a grilled sausage grill device. There is gypsum in Gypsum Street, if there is no gyspum, then there is no gyspum in Gypsum Street. Man is what he eats Jealousy is a passion that searches zealously what causes sorrow. Fat Dirk a name carries the thin Dirk through the thick dirt, whereupon the fat Dirk thanks the thin Dirk for the thin Dirk having carried the fat Dirk through the thick dirt.
Fighting-cows fight against cramps in their knees. The shark says "huhu" to the eagle owl Bubo bubo , the eagle owl says "hi" to the shark. Otto's pug mocks his master Otto: Bad dog! Otto hopes Otto's pug knocks at the door Otto: Come, pug! By spiders spun Spaniards eat meals with pointed spades.
Two siskins twitter between two plum tree branches. Wenn Nietsche's cat feeds, Mieze's Nietsche doesn't wipe anything. Malte's maltese dog Malte on Malta once painted Malte's maltese Malte When I am teaching an empty doctrine in an empty space I am teaching an empty doctrine just theoretically. The mineworker borrows a company-owned Borgward famous German car from the guard of the mine.
Never give grandpa opium, because opium kills grandpa If cockroaches crap behind Interlaken, cockroaches crap behind Interlaken. The one who captures the one who knocked down the pile which stands on the bridge which lies on the way to Wuppertal will receive a reward, and be commended and posted in the municipal showcase. Kai can't drive any small smart Colonian Barkeepers crazy.
Bob's pop-up blocker blocks Bob's pop-ups. Notice in a mountain shelter in Austria: Who upon arrival gives no information on his origin in the future will not receive accomodation. The babbling chaplain glues lively cardboard posters onto the chapell's rattling wall.
The morning clock wackes the baker because of the breads. He has to stretch, to move and to elongate because of the breads. Move, stretch, elongate yourself! The cook chased up to the shipdeck, the fly that shit on his beefsteak. Rumpelstiltkin's little box of matches Sesam a name saw sesame seeds. Sesam a name saw sesame seeds.
Cat paws scratch grimaces on bright-yellow air-matresses. The grimaces smack, air escapes, what is easy for cat paws. Air-matresses soon burst, hear how it hisses, whistles, and pops! Seven quick foundlings from Sindelfingen caught seven finches, full of fleas!
Thus, seven quick foundlings from Sindelfingen quickly fled from fleas and seven finches from seven quick foundlings from Sindelfingen. German : Ich meine schon auch. No small child can split a small cherry stone for a small child. Then it will wilt away. German : Dann verdorrt er Dir! Shoe-shine brush, spice box. I have laid one egg every year anyway. German : Ich habe sowieso jedes Jahr ein Ei hinunter gelegt. The devil shall take you!
German : Dass dich der Teufel hole! Conversation on the edge of a field: Man, mow! No priest you mow! Do priests also mow? No man. I also brought down an egg for him. German : Ich habe ihm auch ein Ei heruntergeholt. If my pot belly would allow it, I would go up the Kampenwnad a mountain. On a meadow, quietly and silently sat a cricket, quietly and silently - head cut off. German : Auf einer Wiese ganz ruhig und still eine Grille. Hey Toni, go down, or I will hit you down! If Toni doesn't go down, I will take Toni and hit him down. German : He Toni, geh hinunter!
Geht der Toni nicht hinunter, dann pack ich den Toni und hau ihn um. Such six as we five are, can't be found among four, because we three are the two only ones. Bayrische logik :- Do you also need saucers? Or are the small cups alone enough? German : Brauchst du auch Untertassen? Oder tun es die Tassen Schalen alleine auch? Has anybody actually said anything? German : Hat jemand vielleicht etwas gesagt? A miller's girl has a poppy-seed-dumpling drawer and a sewing-needle drawer as well.
There aren't so many days in the year as the fox has hair on his tail. On the board for smoked ham lies a piece of smoked ham. German : Kommst du eh auch hinunter? The cutlery ordered too late. Wo can name the two duoble-pointed plums is a good man.
Wer die zwei zweigespitzten Pflaumen nennen kann, der ist ein braver Mann. Twenty squashed plums and twenty squasched plums are forty squashed plums. Toni says to Toni: "Toni go down! Toni doesn't go down so Toni hits Toni down. German : Der Toni sagt zum Toni: "Toni, geh hinunter! The priest of Bschlabs village in Tyrol has ordered knife and fork for smoked ham too late on Pentecost. Ten shaggy gypsies are draging ten hundredweights of cement over to the fence.
I can come, I will come, but I hardly think I can come. German: Wenn ich kommen kann, komm ich, aber ich meine, ich kann kaum kommen. Two squashed plums and two plums squashed are four squashed plums. Knife and fork for smoked ham ordered too late are knife and fork for ham that have been ordered too late. A plucked squirrel tail in sulfuric acid. Ten shaggy gypsies drag 10 hundredweight of sugar to the fence. German : Das A ist ohnehin ab, das E ist auch ab. Anton, turn the duck around and fry the other side. German : Anton dreh die Ente um und brat die andere Seite auch.
I'm eating meatballs. Suddenly it knocks. I look, gape and wonder. Suddenly it the door opens. And who is standing there? It's me.
Boy, let down your blinds shutters. German : Junge las deinen Rolladen herunter rollen. German : Ein Marmaladeneimerchen haben wir zuhause auch. Franconia is where hares are called "Hosen" and trousers are called "Husen". Don't ring that bell, that bell doesn't ring. Ring that bell, that bell rings! If you see him, tell him.
German : Wenn du ihn siehst, dann sagst du's ihm. Let down the Shutters. All Hessians are criminals, all steal ashtrays. When they don't steal ashtrays, they are bad dangerous knife fighters. Maamauerbaabambeler is a club in Seligenstadt in Hessen. It literally means "the people who sit on the river Main and let their legs dangle down the wall".